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Публикуйся, и кто должен погибнуть: ты или наука?

https://doi.org/10.24069/2542-0267-2019-1-2-76-93

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Аннотация

С наукой определенно что-то не так, поскольку количество ненадежных, заведомо подведенных под искомый результат и откровенно сфабрикованных исследований становится все больше и больше. В этой статье я утверждаю, что данная ситуация является прямым следствием системы оплаты оценивания труда, принятых в науке, и она может быть разрешена путем изменения критериев набора сотрудников, их продвижения по карьерной лестнице и финансирования их деятельности. Труд ученых оплачивается несоразмерно низко с их уровнем образования, если только они не занимают руководящих постов или не могут обеспечить себе высокие зарплаты за счет грантовых средств. Что касается должностей и грантов, то они присуждаются преимущественно на основании библиометрических данных. Соответственно, среди ученых идет «соревнование» за количество опубликованных статей, импакт-факторы и цитирование. Те из них, кто способен существенно увеличить число публикаций, будут вознаграждены, и для них откроются новые перспективы (т.н. эффект Матфея). Завышенные библиометрические показатели могут быть достигнуты посредством определенных действий – спорных по своей сути и выходящих за нормы научной этики, но которые могут показаться привлекательными для ряда ученых. Если бы оценка труда ученого не опиралась на библиометрические показатели, тогда бы такие практики не давали эффекта и в итоге вымерли бы. В настоящем тексте будут приводиться аргументы в защиту представленной позиции, за основу будут взяты материалы, представленные научным сообществом Венгрии, что являются своего рода «зеркалом» ситуации в целом.

Об авторе

Адам Кун
1 Центр концептуальных оснований науки 2 Исследовательская группа эволюционных систем, МТА Центр экологических исследований, Венгерская академия наук 3 MTA-ELTE Исследовательская группа по теоретической биологии и эволюционной экологии, Департамент систематизации растений, экологии и теоретической биологии, Университет имени Ло́ранда Э́твёша
Венгрия


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Для цитирования:


Кун А. Публикуйся, и кто должен погибнуть: ты или наука? Научный редактор и издатель. 2019;4(1-2):76-93. https://doi.org/10.24069/2542-0267-2019-1-2-76-93

For citation:


Kun Á. Publish and who should perish: you or science? Science Editor and Publisher. 2019;4(1-2):76-93. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24069/2542-0267-2019-1-2-76-93

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